NIOSH Science Blog Posts

The Role of Work Arrangements in the Future of Work

  The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Future of Work Initiative hosted a webinar to address the role of work arrangements in the future of work. Among the changes anticipated in the Future of Work is an increasing prevalence of nonstandard work arrangements, such as contingent, platform-based, seasonal, on-call, or other “nonstandard” Read More >

Posted on by Rene Pana-Cryan, PhD, Tapas Ray, PhD, Edward Yelin, PhD, and Molly Leshner, MPHLeave a comment

Tackling Mental Health Challenges in the Public Safety Sector: Implementing and Evaluating Mental Health Programs

  Public safety sector workers including firefighters (structural and wildland), law enforcement officers, emergency medical services (EMS) clinicians, and corrections personnel are at a high risk of occupational exposure to traumatic events and stress. As such, mental health programs are critical for addressing the unique challenges these workers face. Effective programs must be multi-faceted, address Read More >

Posted on by Meghan Kiederer, BA; Hope Tiesman, PhD; Daniel Gerard, MS, RN, NRP; Meret Hofer, PhD; Kristen Wheldon, PsyD; Dana Neitlich, MSW; David Shapiro, BA; Wesley R. Attwood, Dr.CJ; Maryann D’Alessandro, PhD; Suzanne Marsh, MPALeave a comment

The Nanotechnology Research Center Carbon Nanotube Registry

  To celebrate the Nanotechnology Research Center’s (NTRC) 20th anniversary, we are highlighting the ongoing efforts of the Center’s Carbon Nanotube Registry. This is a long-term National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) research effort dedicated to understanding workplace health risks associated with carbon nanotubes. What is the Carbon Nanotube Registry? A registry collects Read More >

Posted on by Kaitlin Kelly-Reif, PhD, and Mathew Dahm, PhDLeave a comment

The Problem of Falls from Elevation in Construction and Prevention Resources

The Current Situation with Falls In 2022 falls from elevation represented approximately 81% of all fatal and 20% of all nonfatal slips, trips, and falls for all industry workers (BLS 2023a, BLS 2023b).  Many of these falls occurred in the construction industry, and significantly impact construction employers, workers, and their families. In fact, construction workers Read More >

Posted on by Christina Socias-Morales, DrPH; G. Scott Earnest, Ph.D, PE, CSP; Jessica Bunting, MPH; Rosa Greenberg, MPH; Scott P. Breloff, Ph.D; Asha Brogan, MS; Douglas Trout, MD, MHSLeave a comment

A Deeper Look into Protecting Wildland Firefighter Safety and Health

  Wildland firefighters perform a hazardous job in dangerous conditions. Their daily tasks pose risk of burns and other heat-related injuries or illnesses; slips, trips, falls, strains, and sprains; and becoming trapped or injured by equipment or debris.1 In addition, exposures related to fighting fires—especially when it comes to smoke inhalation—have been classified as “carcinogenic,” Read More >

Posted on by Kathleen Navarro DuBose, PhD, MPH; Kenny Fent, PhD, CIH; Rick Swan; & Jay Tarley, CFEILeave a comment

Workers’ Memorial Day 2024: Statement by NIOSH Director

Each year, on April 28, we pause to recognize Workers’ Memorial Day and honor those whose death or suffering resulted from exposure to hazards at work. Words are not enough when it comes to change. Research has shown that the health and safety of workers relies on active and intentional involvement in ways that take Read More >

Posted on by John Howard, MDLeave a comment

2024 NIOSH Science and Service Awards

Exemplary science is the foundation for all National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) research and prevention activities. Each year, NIOSH recognizes outstanding science and service from our employees. This year’s Science and Service Awards took place on April 25, 2024. The awards booklet contains the finalists, awardees, and honorable mentions as well as information Read More >

Posted on by John Howard, MD; Marie de Perio, MD; Kelley A. Durst, MPA; Christina Spring, MA1 Comment

Support for Existing Expertise: Community-focused training initiatives to improve the safety and health of Tribal buffalo herd workers

American bison, also known as buffalo, are the largest land mammal in North America and are perfectly adapted to the harsh landscape of the high plains, capable of surviving extreme winters, vast changes in temperature, drought conditions, high humidity, and many diseases that impact other hoofed mammals. In recent decades, indigenous communities across North America Read More >

Posted on by Mystera M. Samuelson, Arlo Iron Cloud Sr., Lisa Iron Cloud, KC Elliott, Jessica Post, Risto Rautiainen, Ellen Duysen, and John Gibbins1 Comment

Keeping Junior Firefighters Safe and Healthy: The Fire Department’s Role in Promoting Positive Childhood Experiences

  Historically, junior firefighter programs have been an important recruitment and retention tool for the fire service. Also known as “explorers” or “cadets,” junior firefighters range from 14-17 years of age and are part of volunteer, career, and combination (career/volunteer) fire departments. Most states’ child labor laws limit their participation to only fundraising activities, training, Read More >

Posted on by Wesley R. Attwood, Dr.C.J.; Meghan Kiederer, B.A; Jeffrey R. Funke; Michael Krzeminski; KC Elliott, MA, MPH; Tammy Schaeffer; and Patrick R. Montague8 Comments

Supporting Mental Health in the Workplace

  Work plays a significant role in workers’ mental health. This impact is so substantial that managers impact workers’ mental health more than doctors or therapists do, according to the Workforce Institute’s Mental Health at Work study. The U.S. Surgeon General even emphasizes the role of workplaces in shaping our mental and physical well-being, noting Read More >

Posted on by Emily Kirby, BPH, and L. Casey Chosewood, MD, MPH2 Comments

An Urgent Call to Address Work-related Psychosocial Hazards and Improve Worker Well-being

  Work-related psychosocial hazards are factors in the work environment that can cause stress, strain, or interpersonal problems for the worker. This has the potential to cause physical and psychological harm. Work-related psychosocial hazards are on the verge of surpassing many other occupational hazards in terms of their contribution to poor health, injury, disability, and Read More >

Posted on by Paul Schulte, PhD; Steven Sauter, PhD; Hope Tiesman, PhD; Sudha Pandalai, MD; L. Casey Chosewood, MD, Rene Pana-Cryan, PhD; Chia-Chia Chang, MPH; Tapas Ray, PhD; John Howard, MD; Thomas Cunningham, PhD; Naomi Swanson, PhD; Jeannie Nigam, MS; Steven Wurzelbacher, PhD; and Dori Reissman, MD3 Comments

Using Internal Traffic Control Plans to Prevent Construction Worker Injuries and Fatalities in Work Zones

Struck-by injuries are the leading cause of nonfatal injuries and second most common cause of fatalities among construction workers. From 2011 to 2022, there were 1,462 fatal occupational injuries that occurred at road construction sites .[1] Of these, 68% (n=1,000) were among workers in the construction industry (See figure) followed by workers in transportation and Read More >

Posted on by Amber Trueblood, David Fosbroke, Ryan R. Papariello, Nancy Romano, Scott Breloff, Scott Earnest, Douglas TroutLeave a comment

Women’s History Month Reflections on Occupational Exposures and Health Equity

  March was Women’s History Month and this year’s theme was “Women Who Advocate for Equity, Diversity and Inclusion.” This theme urged us to think about the diversity of U.S. women workers and how NIOSH is addressing health equity. Health equity is the state in which everyone has a fair and just opportunity to attain Read More >

Posted on by Amel Omari, PhD; Sue Afanuh, MA; Asha Brogan, MS; Deborah Hirst, PhD; Sara Luckhaupt, MD, MPH; Carissa Rocheleau, PhD; Jennifer Tyrawski, PhD; and Grace Vixama, MPH, CHESLeave a comment

Celebrating 20 Years of Research: Highlights From NIOSH’s Nanotechnology Research Center’s Field Studies Team

  As the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Nanotechnology Research Center (NTRC) marks its 20th anniversary, we celebrate the groundbreaking work of the Field Studies Team. Organized in 2006, the team began by evaluating potential workplace exposures to engineered nanomaterials. Engineered nanomaterials (those created on purpose and not incidentally) have at least Read More >

Posted on by CDR Kevin L. Dunn, MS, CIH; Eric Glassford, MS, CIH; Lilia Chen, MS, CIHLeave a comment

A Reflection on World Futures Day 2024: NIOSH Efforts to Help Build a Better Tomorrow

  Future Day was first celebrated worldwide on March 1, 2012 as a forward-looking reflection on all the possibilities the future holds for humanity.1 Just two years later, the global think tank Millennium Project helped expand the unofficial holiday into what is now recognized as World Futures Day.2 World Futures Day is structured as an Read More >

Posted on by Jessica MK Streit, MS, PhD, CHES®Leave a comment

Sweating the Small Stuff: 20 years of NIOSH Research on Engineering Controls for Nanotechnology

Engineered nanomaterials are intentionally produced substances that have at least one primary dimension less than 100 nanometers (nm). Nanomaterials may have properties different from those of larger particles of the same material, making them unique and desirable for specific product applications (e.g., cosmetics, electronics, construction materials). The health effects associated with nanomaterials are not yet Read More >

Posted on by Kevin H. Dunn, ScD, CIH; Samuel Lo, PhD.; Jennifer Topmiller, MS; and Duane Hammond, MS, PELeave a comment

Dispelling Myths to Make Healthy Hearing a Reality

This World Hearing Day, March 3, 2024, the World Health Organization is promoting awareness of hearing loss to reduce societal misperceptions and stigma and is encouraging you to do the same. Over 80% of ear and hearing care needs are not met worldwide.[1] Hearing care has an annual cost of nearly $1 trillion (US) globally.[2] Read More >

Posted on by Thais C. Morata, PhD; Christa L. Themann, MA, CCC-A; Asha Brogan, MS1 Comment

Changing Mindsets on Hearing Disorders Associated with Work Hazards

  The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health’s (NIOSH) Hearing Loss Prevention Program has been an official member of the World Hearing Forum (WHF) since it was launched in 2019. The Forum was assembled by the Office of Ear and Hearing Care of the World Health Organization to promote ear and hearing care worldwide. Read More >

Posted on by Thais C. Morata, PhD; Christa L. Themann, MA, CCC-A; Shelly Chadha, MD2 Comments

Protecting the Well-being of the Nation’s Health Workforce

  The American Journal of Public Health recently published a special supplement with 15 articles focusing on health worker mental health. As part of this special issue, our article Protecting the Mental Health and Well-being of the Nation’s Health Workforce summarizes the scope of the issue and prevention efforts underway at the Centers for Disease Control and Read More >

Posted on by John Howard, MD, and Debra Houry MD, MPHLeave a comment

AJPH Highlights Health Worker Mental Health

The American Journal of Public Health recently published a special supplement with 15 articles focusing on health worker mental health. This special issue of the journal was sponsored and edited by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and stems from the health worker mental health initiative from the Centers for Disease Control Read More >

Posted on by Thomas Cunningham, PhDLeave a comment