Categories: Workplace Medical Mystery
April 20th, 2015 10:09 am ET -
Stephanie Stevens, MA
It was just a routine well child exam.
A simple blood test showed 13 micrograms per deciliter (µg/dL) of lead in two-year-old Sarah’s blood; 8 µg/dL more than the 5 µg/dL the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)recommends as a reference level for determining if a child’s blood lead level is much higher than most children’s levels. This serves as a warning that the child may be exposed to lead at home or in the environment, and may require case management. It also allows parents, doctors, public health officials, and communities to take action earlier to reduce the child’s future exposure to lead.
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April 13th, 2015 2:03 pm ET -
Hope M. Tiesman, PhD
The research literature on occupation and suicide has consistently identified several occupations at high risk for suicide: farmers, medical doctors, law enforcement officers, and soldiers. However, there are few studies examining suicides that occur in U.S. workplaces. Recently published research from NIOSH, examined suicides occurring in U.S. workplaces between 2003 and 2010 and compared workplace suicide trends to suicides occurring outside of the workplace using nationally representative data sources. [i]
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Categories: Oil and Gas
April 10th, 2015 9:27 am ET -
Bradley King, PhD, MPH, CIH; Eric Esswein, MSPH, CIH; Kyla Retzer, MPH; John Snawder, PhD, DABT; Sophia Ridl, BS; Michael Breitenstein, BS; Marissa Alexander-Scott, DVM, MS, MPH; Ryan Hill, MPH.
Photo 1. Plume of hydrocarbon gas and vapor escaping from a flowback tank hatch
On May 19th, 2014, NIOSH posted a Science blog titled “Reports of Worker Fatalities during Flowback Operations”. This blog post provided information that NIOSH received from several sources indicating that acute exposures to hydrocarbon gas and vapors likely played a role in the deaths of at least four workers in the oil and gas extraction industry. The four workers were employed in the Williston Basin of North Dakota and Montana. Specific activities the workers had in common at the time of death included manual tank gauging of production tanks or transferring production fluids at the well site.
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Categories: Ergonomics, Manufacturing
April 6th, 2015 3:15 pm ET -
Jessica Ramsey, MS, CPE and Kristin Musolin, DO, MS
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of the upper extremities among poultry processing employees are well documented (Lipscomb et al. 2008; Cartwright et al. 2012). The combination of highly repetitive tasks, forceful movements and working in cold temperatures can increase risk for MSDs such as carpal tunnel syndrome, a disabling medical condition affecting the hands and wrists. In 2014, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was asked to perform a Health Hazard Evaluation at a poultry processing plant in Maryland.
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