April 13th, 2015 2:03 pm ET -
Hope M. Tiesman, PhD
The research literature on occupation and suicide has consistently identified several occupations at high risk for suicide: farmers, medical doctors, law enforcement officers, and soldiers. However, there are few studies examining suicides that occur in U.S. workplaces. Recently published research from NIOSH, examined suicides occurring in U.S. workplaces between 2003 and 2010 and compared workplace suicide trends to suicides occurring outside of the workplace using nationally representative data sources. [i]
4 Comments -
Categories: Healthcare, Violence
March 27th, 2015 9:07 am ET -
Dan Hartley, EdD
In the healthcare setting, workplace violence may occur in many forms including: an active shooter, a disruptive patient, or as ongoing incivility from a colleague. The most commonly reported form of violence in healthcare is from the disruptive patient or patient’s family member. In 2013, healthcare workers reported an estimated 9,200 workplace violence incidents requiring time away from work to recover, with the majority of these perpetrated by patients or their family members1. This represents 67% of all nonfatal violence-related injuries from an industry that only represents 11.5% of all workers.
1 Comment -
Categories: Construction, Healthcare, Training, Violence
August 12th, 2013 12:39 pm ET -
Dan Hartley, EdD; Marilyn Ridenour, BSN, MPH
In 2012, the Healthcare and Social Assistance (HCSA) sector was amongst the largest industry sectors in the U.S. employing an estimated 19.4 million workers (13.5% of the total workforce). On average, over the last decade, U.S. healthcare workers have accounted for two-thirds of the nonfatal workplace violence injuries in all industries involving days away from work . Healthcare workers face the risk of both physical violence and non-physical violence, such as verbal abuse, on the job. These numbers represent only the assaults that resulted in time away from work and not the less severe physical injuries or the psychological trauma that HCSA workers experience from workplace violence. Additionally, these data only capture the reported incidents. The literature suggests that the number of assaults reported by healthcare workers is greatly underreported.
24 Comments -
Categories: Motor Vehicle Safety, Service Sector, Transportation, Violence, Wholesale and Retail Trade
July 8th, 2013 9:47 am ET -
Cammie Chaumont Menéndez, PhD, MPH, MS
Photo of the type of camera used in New York City and Seattle taxicabs.
Taxicab drivers face one of the highest homicide rates of any occupation. While rates of homicide have declined among the general working population (in 2010, 0.37 per 100,000 employed), they remain high in the taxicab industry (7.4 per 100,000 employed for the same year). In the early 1990s, bullet-resistant partitions were the dominant safety equipment in use in taxicabs. Currently, cameras are in greater use and have become the security equipment of choice for industry regulators and taxicab fleet operators.
New research from NIOSH examines the effectiveness of partitions and security cameras in reducing homicides among taxicab drivers. This is the first study to methodically collect data from a nationally representative sample of the largest taxicab cities. Data was collected over a 15-year time span (1996-2010) for 26 cities (8 cities using security cameras, 7 cities using partitions, and 11 control cities that used neither cameras nor partitions) and allows for comparison of homicide rates pre- and post-installation of cameras. The study was published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
29 Comments -