Categories: Healthcare, Violence
March 27th, 2015 9:07 am ET -
Dan Hartley, EdD
In the healthcare setting, workplace violence may occur in many forms including: an active shooter, a disruptive patient, or as ongoing incivility from a colleague. The most commonly reported form of violence in healthcare is from the disruptive patient or patient’s family member. In 2013, healthcare workers reported an estimated 9,200 workplace violence incidents requiring time away from work to recover, with the majority of these perpetrated by patients or their family members1. This represents 67% of all nonfatal violence-related injuries from an industry that only represents 11.5% of all workers.
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Categories: Construction, Healthcare, Training, Violence
August 12th, 2013 12:39 pm ET -
Dan Hartley, EdD; Marilyn Ridenour, BSN, MPH
In 2012, the Healthcare and Social Assistance (HCSA) sector was amongst the largest industry sectors in the U.S. employing an estimated 19.4 million workers (13.5% of the total workforce). On average, over the last decade, U.S. healthcare workers have accounted for two-thirds of the nonfatal workplace violence injuries in all industries involving days away from work . Healthcare workers face the risk of both physical violence and non-physical violence, such as verbal abuse, on the job. These numbers represent only the assaults that resulted in time away from work and not the less severe physical injuries or the psychological trauma that HCSA workers experience from workplace violence. Additionally, these data only capture the reported incidents. The literature suggests that the number of assaults reported by healthcare workers is greatly underreported.
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Categories: Motor Vehicle Safety, Service Sector, Transportation, Violence, Wholesale and Retail Trade
July 8th, 2013 9:47 am ET -
Cammie Chaumont Menéndez, PhD, MPH, MS
Photo of the type of camera used in New York City and Seattle taxicabs.
Taxicab drivers face one of the highest homicide rates of any occupation. While rates of homicide have declined among the general working population (in 2010, 0.37 per 100,000 employed), they remain high in the taxicab industry (7.4 per 100,000 employed for the same year). In the early 1990s, bullet-resistant partitions were the dominant safety equipment in use in taxicabs. Currently, cameras are in greater use and have become the security equipment of choice for industry regulators and taxicab fleet operators.
New research from NIOSH examines the effectiveness of partitions and security cameras in reducing homicides among taxicab drivers. This is the first study to methodically collect data from a nationally representative sample of the largest taxicab cities. Data was collected over a 15-year time span (1996-2010) for 26 cities (8 cities using security cameras, 7 cities using partitions, and 11 control cities that used neither cameras nor partitions) and allows for comparison of homicide rates pre- and post-installation of cameras. The study was published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
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Categories: Bloodborne pathogens, Cancer, Chemicals, Construction, Healthcare, Personal Protective Equipment, Reproductive Health, Service Sector, Stress, Transportation, Violence, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Women
May 13th, 2013 10:04 am ET -
Naomi Swanson,Ph.D.; Julie Tisdale-Pardi, MA; CAPT Leslie MacDonald, Sc.D.; Hope M. Tiesman, Ph.D.
This week is Women’s Health Week. With over 58% of U.S. women in the labor force[i], the workplace must be considered when looking at women’s overall health. We must keep in mind that susceptibility to hazards can be different for men and women. Additionally, women face different workplace health challenges than men partly because men and women tend to have different kinds of jobs. Women generally have more work-related cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases, and anxiety and stress disorders. Social, economic, and cultural factors also put women at risk for injury and illness. While workplace exposures can affect both male and female reproduction, issues related to reproduction and pregnancy are of particular concern to women. Below you will find summaries, with links to more research, of some hazards faced by women in the workplace as well as links to industry-specific research from NIOSH that relates to women. More information is available on the NIOSH topic page Women’s Safety and Health Issues at Work.
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