Categories: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing, Cancer, Construction, Emergency Response/Public Sector, Manufacturing, Mining, Transportation
February 4th, 2014 8:57 am ET -
Mary K. Schubauer-Berigan, Ph.D.; Tania Carreόn-Valencia, Ph.D.; Avima M. Ruder, Ph.D.; Lynne E. Pinkerton, M.D., M.P.H.
Today is World Cancer Day. Around the world, 12.7 million people are diagnosed with cancer every year, and the number is expected to increase due to the growth and aging of the population, as well as reductions in childhood mortality and deaths from infectious diseases in developing countries (ACS 2011). Cancer is the leading cause of death in developed countries and the second leading cause of death in developing countries.
Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. If the spread is not controlled, it can result in death.
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Categories: Emergency Response/Public Sector
October 18th, 2013 2:22 pm ET -
John A. Decker, M.S., R.Ph., C.I.H.; Renée Funk, DVM, MPH&TM, MBA, DACVPM; D. Gayle DeBord, Ph.D.
When responding to a disaster, emergency workers may face unique health risks from exposures to hazardous chemical and environmental contaminants in forms and circumstances often not seen in other occupations. While the paramount needs to be addressed in a disaster are the protection of people in the disaster zone and the safety and health of the responders, disasters often provide the opportunity to conduct research on potential short- and long-term health effects among responders. Knowledge gained from such research will improve the ability of safety and health professionals, administrators, and coordinators to safeguard responders as immediate rescue, recovery, and clean-up activities proceed. As well, it will improve our procedures for safeguarding responders in future emergencies. While this can provide a unique opportunity, the disaster environment presents many challenges for research while response is proceeding.
9 Comments -
Categories: Cancer, Chemicals, Construction, Emergency Response/Public Sector, Respiratory Health
September 19th, 2013 2:44 pm ET -
Melissa Van Orman, MA
Glenn, a retired New York City police officer, shares how the World Trade Center Health Program helped him regain his health.
Though the September 11th attacks were over a decade ago, thousands of people who were in the affected areas continue to experience physical and mental health symptoms as a result of their experience in the days, months, and even years following 9/11. They may not recognize that some cancers, a chronic cough, difficulty sleeping, or frequent heartburn that they— or their children— experience could be a 9/11 related health condition.
NIOSH is teaming up with our community partners to spread the word that help is available through the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program. Created by the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, the WTC Health Program provides medical monitoring and treatment for responders at the World Trade Center and related sites in New York City, the Pentagon, and Shanksville, PA, and for survivors who were in the New York City disaster area. All care for covered conditions is provided at no out of pocket costs for those who qualify.
9 Comments -
Categories: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing, Emergency Response/Public Sector, Engineering Control
September 16th, 2013 2:29 pm ET -
Harvey Manbeck, P.E., Ph.D and Dennis Murphy, Ph.D., CSP
On farms, manure storage facilities are used to store animal waste, which can then be used for fertilizer. Farmers or farm workers may need to enter the facilities to repair or maintain equipment, such as pumps and intake hoses. These confined spaces are often oxygen-deficient atmospheres and can contain toxic and/or explosive gases that create a dangerous environment. Deaths most often occur when a person without necessary life support equipment enters an unventilated manure pit and is overcome by toxic gases or a lack of oxygen. Tragically, these incidents sometimes develop into multiple fatalities when other poorly trained and equipped farm personnel attempt to rescue the initial victim and become victims as well. The average annual number of deaths related to entering manure storage facilities more than doubled between 1975-1984 and 1995-2004, from 1.6 deaths per year to 3.5, respectively (Beaver and Field, 2007).
7 Comments -