Category: precision public health

Mendelian Randomization: A Precision Public Health Tool for the COVID-19 Response

flowchart: Confounder arrows to Modifiable Exposure and Disease Outcome; Gene Variant (Instrument Exposure Variable) arrow to Modifiable Exposure and Modifiable Exposure arrow to Disease Outcome

In the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, when little was known about the natural history of the disease, predicting the course of the pandemic was of premier importance for treating sick patients and redoubling efforts to protect those at highest risk of adverse outcomes. To address this need, investigators used a study design that Read More >

Posted on by Emily Drzymalla, Marta Gwinn and Muin J. Khoury, Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GeorgiaLeave a commentTags ,

Applications of Digital Tools for Precision Public Health in the COVID-19 Era: Where Are We?

a COVID-19 virus floating around with digital bites coming out of a laptop

Two recent systematic scoping reviews explore the use and limitations of digital tools in public health surveillance and their applications to the pandemic response Digital health tools offer increasing potential for substantial benefits to medicine and public health. In clinical practice, digital applications include personal wearable devices, devices within the body, and sensors that can Read More >

Posted on by Muin J. Khoury, W. David Dotson, Scott Bowen, Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GeorgiaLeave a commentTags ,

2020: A Challenging Year of Progress for Genomics and Precision Public Health

2020 with an arrow to 2021 with a double helix below and a COVID-19 virus and a masked family and under 2021 a person getting the COVID-19 vaccine

It is time to wrap up an eventful 2020 which unfortunately was dominated by the COVID-19 pandemic. From January 2020 through November 2020, we saw a major increase in visits to our website (> 2.6 million views, compared to 2 million views in 2019 and 1.2 million views in 2018). In our year end blog, Read More >

Posted on by Muin J. Khoury and Scott Bowen, Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GeorgiaLeave a commentTags

A Strong Start: Enhancing Newborn Screening for Precision Public Health

a babies foot with next generation sequencing in the background

As the capability to sequence an individual’s genome or exome continues to expand—and the cost continues to fall—more states are considering how next generation sequencing (NGS) could support their newborn screening programs, which test approximately four million babies born in the United States each year for congenital, treatable diseases. Results from NGS can help enhance Read More >

Posted on by David Jones (CDC), Stephanie Garcia (ONC), Nicole Ruiz-Schultz (Utah), Amy Gaviglio (4ES), Carla Cuthbert (CDC)Leave a comment

Precision Public Health and the COVID-19 Response

crowd connected with each other and a person in the middle magnified by a magnifiying glass surrounded by coronavirus

This blog is a summary of our recent paper in the Journal of the American Association. The public health response to COVID-19 requires a mix of general and targeted public health interventions, i.e., precision public health. Precision public health uses data from traditional and emerging sources to target interventions for populations by person, place, and Read More >

Posted on by Sonja A. Rasmussen, Departments of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Epidemiology, University of Florida College of Medicine and College of Public Health and Health Professions, Gainesville, Florida; Muin J. Khoury, Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Carlos del Rio, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine and Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia1 CommentTags

Predictive Analytics, Implementation Science, Precision Medicine and Precision Public Health

twp figures looking at a wall of graphs depicting predicive analytics, a doctor with a stethoscope that has a magifying glass on a red figure surrounded by lots of other clusters of figures

This blog is a summary of our recent paper based on a multidisciplinary workshop convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to explore enhancement of predictive analytics for implementation research. The use of predictive analytics in precision medicine (the right intervention to the right patient at the right time) is well established. The Read More >

Posted on by Muin J. Khoury and George A. Mensah *Leave a commentTags ,

From Precision Medicine to Precision Public Health: Beyond the Pandemic

the word Medicine with an arrow to the word Public Health and the word Precision over all of them with a background of connected people and several COVID-19 viruses

Precision medicine and precision public health are emerging fields that use genomics and other big data technologies to provide more targeted interventions at the individual and population levels. Precision medicine can be thought of as delivering the right intervention to the right individual at the right time, while precision public health can be simply viewed Read More >

Posted on by Muin J. Khoury, Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health, and Michael F. Iademarco, Center for Epidemiology, Surveillance and Laboratory Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GeorgiaLeave a commentTags

Accelerating Precision in Public Health Surveillance and Response

When our communities face a health crisis, the research, clinical, and public health worlds come together and collaborate. Public health programs drive toward prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the population, but they need the support and guidance of data-driven research behind them every step of the way. While most of the data needed to accelerate Read More >

Posted on by Paula Braun (CDC), Kevin Chaney (ONC), Muin J. Khoury (CDC), Teresa Zayas Cabán (ONC)Leave a commentTags

Using Digital Technologies in Precision Public Health: COVID-19 and Beyond

a hand holdign a cell phone with lots of data surrounding it including a coronavirus cell

With the global spread of COVID-19, there is a proliferation of scientific information and publications that use novel approaches such as genomics and precision health tools (e.g., big data, wearables, and digital devices) in surveillance and epidemiologic investigations. Could these new technologies provide added value to traditional approaches? In the past, we have written about Read More >

Posted on by Muin J. Khoury, Scott Bowen, Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Paula Braun, Entrepreneur in Residence, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionLeave a commentTags ,

Manipulating the Human Microbiome for Precision Public Health: Prospects and Challenges

a body with different external influences surrounding it

Spotlight on the Human Microbiome The human microbiome has a crucial role in driving public health science and initiatives towards more “precision”. In a recent viewpoint and podcast, Harkins, et al. discuss the potential and current applications for manipulating the human microbiome for disease prevention and management. The authors describe several examples of microbiome manipulation Read More >

Posted on by Melia Haile, Alison Laufer Halpin, Christopher Elkins, and Clifford McDonald, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, NCEZID; Muin J. Khoury, Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health, Office of Science, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GeorgiaLeave a commentTags