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Deaths in the United States, 1900–2013

Posted on by NCHS

This storyboard of U.S. mortality trends over the past 113 years highlights the differences in age-adjusted death rates and life expectancy at birth by race and sex; neonatal mortality and infant mortality rates by race; childhood mortality rates by age; and trends in age-adjusted death rates for five selected major causes of death.


NOTES:

† Age-adjusted death rates (deaths per 100,000) are based on the 2000 U.S. standard population. Populations used for computing death rates for 2011–2013 are postcensal estimates based on the 2010 census, estimated as of July 1, 2010. Rates for census years are based on populations enumerated in the corresponding censuses. Rates for noncensus years before 2010 are revised using updated intercensal population estimates and may differ from rates previously published.

Prior to 1970, data for the black population are not available; data shown for 1900–1968 are for the nonwhite population.

‡ Rates are infants (under 1 year) and neonatal (under 28 days) deaths per 1,000 live births.

‡‡ All birth data by race before 1980 are based on race of the child; starting in 1980, birth data by race are based on race of the mother. Birth data are used to calculate infant mortality rate.

‡‡‡ Revisions to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) over time may result in discontinuities in cause-of-death trends.

 

SOURCES:
CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data (see http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm); 1900–1967 (see http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/mortality/hist293.htm); and 1968–2013 (see http://wonder.cdc.gov).

 

Download Datasets:

 

References:

    1. Murphy SL, Xu JQ, Kochanek KD. Deaths: Final data for 2010. National vital statistics reports; vol 61 no 4. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2013. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf.
    2. Arias E. United States life tables, 2010. National vital statistics reports; vol 63 no 7. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2014.
    3. National Center for Health Statistics, Data Warehouse. Comparability of cause-of-death between ICD revisions. 2008. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/mortality/comparability_icd.htm.

 

Suggested citation:

Chong Y, Tejada Vera B, Lu L, Anderson RN, Arias E, Sutton PD: Deaths in the United States, 1900–2013. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.

 

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