Medication Safety for Parents & Caregivers

Posted on by Dr. Hailey Nelson, MD, FAAP, IBCLC
Dr. Hailey Nelson
Dr. Hailey Nelson

When our children don’t feel well, we parents will look to just about anything to bring them comfort. Many times, this means reaching for medication to ease their symptoms. As a pediatrician, I know the safest place to store medicine in between uses is in a location up and away. But as a mom, I’ve felt the temptation during a long, stressful night with a feverish and fussy toddler to leave the medication out for easy reach. For parents and pediatricians alike, it’s always worth repeating that it’s important to be as vigilant about medication safety in times of illness as in our normal day-to-day routine.

Each year 40,000 – 50,000 young children are brought to emergency rooms because they got into medicines that were left within reach. To understand the dangers medications can pose to our kids, and to identify ways to make our homes safer, it helps to see the world from a kid’s point of view.

  • Out of sight, out of mind. Bright medication bottles can attract the attention of curious eyes and little hands, so it’s best to keep medications up and away. Find places in your home that are too high for children to reach and – better yet – too high for them to even see. Don’t forget about where you store medications you take frequently – like vitamins or over-the-counter pain and fever reducers. People often keep these sorts of medications in purses, on bathroom counters, or other convenient places that children can easily access. One handy way of exploring your home from a child’s perspective is to get down on their level! Bend down and look around your home. Do you see anything colorful or enticing on countertops or in easy-to-reach drawers and cabinets?
  • Danger in disguise. To children, pills can easily be mistaken for candy, gummies look like their beloved fruit snacks, and liquid medications can look incredibly similar to their favorite fruit drink. With child-pleasing flavors like cherry and bubble gum, it’s understandable that children might confuse medicine with candy. Take time to create teachable moments around medication safety. Be very clear with your child and explain that medicine is not candy, and that you and other adult caregivers are the only people allowed to give it to them. When visiting others or hosting guests, remind them to keep purses, bags, and coats with medications in them stored up and away.

Toddler playing with father in the background

  • Make safety “click.” Keep medications in their original, child-resistant containers. These containers are made with safety in mind and have locking mechanisms that click or no longer twist when they are in the locked position. But remember that ‘child-resistant’ does not mean “child-proof” and it is important to keep all medicine containers out of your child’s reach and sight.

If you know or suspect that your child has gotten into a medication, know who to call for help. You can call a Poison Center from anywhere in the United States 24 hours a day for expert advice at: (800) 222-1222. You can also text “POISON” to 797979 to automatically save the number.

For more information about medication safety and tips to make your home safer, visit

Hailey Nelson, MD, FAAP, IBCLC is a complex care pediatrician at Valley Children’s Healthcare in Madera, California. She is a core faculty member of Valley Children’s Pediatric Residency Program, Clinical Instructor Affiliated with Stanford University School of Medicine, and serves as the medical director of the pediatric residency continuity clinic at Valley Children’s Healthcare.

In addition to her in-clinic and faculty duties, Dr. Nelson sits on several Valley Children’s committees and working groups. Dr. Nelson is also an active member of the American Academy of Pediatrics California Chapter 1, a role in which she presents locally and statewide on important topics for physicians, including self-care and physician wellness.

 Dr. Nelson is a vocal advocate for children’s wellness and regularly appears in news media discussing pediatric healthcare. She has made guest appearances on the “Valley Children’s Voice” physician podcast and writes for Valley Children’s “At the Heart” blog. As the ambassador for Safe Kids Central California, Dr. Nelson hosts biweekly virtual Lunch and Learn sessions for parents covering a variety of safety and injury prevention topics, and frequently appears as a subject matter expert on Valley Children’s Virtual Health Series for Families events.

Posted on by Dr. Hailey Nelson, MD, FAAP, IBCLCTags , , ,
Page last reviewed: April 25, 2022
Page last updated: April 25, 2022