Dr. Kainer obtained her medical degree and masters of public health in Melbourne, Australia. She is an adult infectious diseases physician and healthcare epidemiologist. She was an Epidemic Intelligence Service officer at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion. Dr. Kainer joined the Tennessee Department of Health in 2003 where she is the director of the Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance Program. She is the chair of the healthcare associated infections [HAI] subcommittee of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists [CSTE]. She co-chairs the CSTE HAI data standards committee and the National Healthcare Safety Network [NHSN] steering work group. Dr. Kainer serves as the CSTE liaison to the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee [HICPAC], the NHSN change control board, and the public policy and governmental affairs committee of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America [SHEA]. Dr. Kainer led the 2012 fungal meningitis outbreak investigation at the Tennessee Department of Health and was named Tennessean of the Year by the Nashville based Tennessean newspaper. She was honored by the White House as a Champion of Change for Prevention and Public Health. She was a member of the antibiotic resistance work group for the President’s Council of Advisors in Science and Technology [PCAST]. On Sept 18, 2014 President Obama released the PCAST report and national strategy, and issued an executive order on combating antibiotic resistant bacteria.