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Protect Cancer Patients from Infections

Categories: Antibiotic use, Healthcare-associated infections, Outpatient Care

Alice Guh, M.D, MPH

Alice Guh, M.D, MPH

Author: Alice Guh,
CDC medical officer and co-lead of Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients initiative

As clinicians, we know that the nearly one million patients who receive outpatient cancer treatment each year are at risk for serious infections that may lead to hospitalization, disruptions in chemotherapy schedules, and in some cases, death. Even so, it appears that outpatient oncology facilities may vary greatly in their attention to infection prevention. As one example – at an oncology clinic in Nebraska, it was discovered that syringes were reused to access bags of saline that were shared among multiple patients. This unsafe practice led to the transmission of hepatitis C virus to at least 99 cancer patients, resulting in one of the largest healthcare-associated outbreaks of its kind.

To help address this problem, CDC is launching a new program called Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients, featuring tools to help both clinicians and patients prevent infections.

As a cornerstone of this new initiative, CDC worked with partners to develop a Basic Infection Control and Prevention Plan for Outpatient Oncology Settings, which can be used by outpatient oncology facilities to standardize – and improve – infection prevention practices.

International Infection Prevention Week Celebrates a Milestone

Categories: Healthcare-associated infections

Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC

Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC

Author: Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC
2011 President, APIC
Director, Infection Prevention & Control Services, St. Joseph Mercy Health System,
Ann Arbor, Michigan

International Infection Prevention Week (IIPW), which occurs October 16–22, 2011, represents the 25th anniversary of the commemoration of the importance of infection prevention around the globe.  It does not seem possible that 25 years have passed since the launch of this important event.

Under the theme of “infection prevention is everyone’s business,” this annual recognition allows APIC the opportunity to strengthen relationships with other organizations actively engaged in infection prevention and to broaden the understanding of how we all work together to protect patients. To date, nearly 30 associations and half of U.S. states have pledged their support for IIPW.

New Recommendations for Pediatric Pneumonia Treatment

Categories: HAI Guidelines, Healthcare-associated infections

John S Bradley, MD

John S Bradley, MD

Author: John S Bradley, MD
Pediatric Infectious Disease Specialist at
Rady Children’s Hospital and Health Center

Every year, pneumonia kills more than 2 million children ages 5 years and younger worldwide. Yet the only existing national guidelines for the treatment of pneumonia focus on adults, and the recommended diagnostic methods and treatments may be too risky and not have the desired result in children.

After two years of work, my colleagues from various backgrounds and I have completed the first-ever comprehensive national guidelines on diagnosing and treating infants and children affected by this life-threatening disease: “The Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children Older Than 3 Months of Age: Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America.”

CDC: Protect Organ Transplant Patients from Unintended Disease Transmission

Categories: Healthcare-associated infections, Organ Transplant Safety

Matthew J. Kuehnert, MD

Matthew J. Kuehnert, MD

Author: Matthew J. Kuehnert, MD,
Director, Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety

Over the past few years, my team at the CDC looked into more than 200 reports of unexpected disease transmission through organ transplantation. Of the cases that were confirmed, some had fatal outcomes. Clearly, transmission of infections through organ transplants remains a patient safety concern that calls for action.

To help address the problem, CDC recently led a team of experts to develop the Draft 2011 Public Health Service (PHS) Guideline for Reducing Transmission of HIV, HBV, and HCV through Solid Organ Transplantation. The guideline was posted to the Federal Register today, and I encourage your review and comment.

Ambulatory Care Nurses: Take A Stand Against Infections

Categories: Antimicrobial Resistance, Healthcare-associated infections, Outpatient Care

Linda Brixey, RN

Linda Brixey, RN

Author – Linda Brixey, RN
President of the American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN)

I am excited the CDC is continuing to develop additional tools and resources for infection control. As the president of the American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN), I can reassure you these resources are useful for our members.

A guide specific to the ambulatory care setting encourages nurses to take a stand regarding infection control and provides evidence-based information that helps define the processes and procedures that help protect patients and the health care team.

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