Categories: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing, NIOSH-funded Research
August 10th, 2015 8:33 am ET -
Kelsey Palm, Ellen Duysen, Risto Rautiainen, Clayton Kelling
Recent media reports of bison injuring visitors at Yellowstone National Park have raised public awareness of the hazards of interacting with bison. Those who work with these animals face unique risks. Bison are the largest land mammals in North America, weighing in at about 1,000-2,000 pounds.1 They can run 35 miles per hour and pivot quickly.1 They have not been bred for docility like livestock and are known to attack humans if provoked. These and other factors make working with bison hazardous.
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Categories: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing, NIOSH-funded Research, Respiratory Health
May 28th, 2015 8:05 am ET -
Jennifer E. Swanberg, Ph.D., MMHS, OTR and Jess Miller Clouser, MPH
With the upcoming Belmont Stakes and the possibility of a Triple Crown winner, all eyes are on the world of horse racing. These races are the culmination of years of work far from the glory of the grand stage of horse racing. What is not seen on this grand stage is that there are many workplace safety and health risks faced by the workers who help get the horses to this level of competition. A recent article in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine, “Individual and Occupational Characteristics Associated with Respiratory Symptoms among Latino Horse Farm Workers”, documents these hazards. Key points of the article are summarized below.
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Categories: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing, Epidemiology, Exposure, Reproductive Health, Women
January 14th, 2015 7:53 am ET -
Carissa M. Rocheleau, PhD
Epidemiology is the art and science of using data to answer questions about the health of groups. In occupational epidemiology, we use that data to understand how work affects health. This blog entry is part of a series that shares the stories behind the data.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women get a lot of advice from just about everyone on just about everything– what to eat, medications to avoid, how much exercise they should do. When it comes to their jobs, though, the advice seems to dry up. That’s because occupational exposure limits are based on studies of healthy, non-pregnant workers and many early studies of occupational hazards were limited to men. These recommended exposure limits might not be sufficient to protect a developing fetus. We are trying to find out whether things people were exposed to at work like chemicals, noise, shift work, radiation, or germs affect their pregnancy outcomes and health of their children. One of the outcomes we study is birth defects.
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Categories: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing, Personal Protective Equipment, Research to practice r2p
December 16th, 2014 8:18 am ET -
Christy Forrester, MS and Theodore D. Teske, MA
Commercial fishing veteran, Brett Smith, works the line in the ‘Rogue’ flotation vest. Photo courtesy of Kent Safety Products.
Think about wearing a life jacket to work. What comes to mind? Do you think cool, comfortable, and easy-to-work in? Or, are you more inclined to think of life jackets as cumbersome, uncomfortable, and interfering? If you are leaning toward the latter, you’re right on track with what NIOSH heard from commercial fishermen back in 2008.
It is an indisputable fact: personal flotation devices (PFDs), or life jackets, save lives.1-3 However, in the commercial fishing industry where almost 90% of fatalities are caused by drowning after a fall overboard or vessel disaster, many fishermen do not routinely wear PFDs while working on deck. 4
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