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Selected Category: tuberculosis (TB)

CDC Protects Families: My favorite stories

Categories: child health, malaria, tuberculosis (TB), women's/maternal health

Terri Still-LeMelle

Terri Still-LeMelle

As we celebrate families on Mother’s Day, May 11, and the International Day of Families, May 15, I am especially proud to work in CDC’s Center for Global Health.  As one of the Center’s  health communication specialists, I have the privilege to write or edit many stories about how CDC’s programs impact the lives of families around the world.  In honor of this season, I’d like to highlight a few of my favorite accounts about brave mothers, determined families, and CDC’s global health programs.

 
 
 
 

Addressing Childhood Tuberculosis: Shedding Light on a Hidden Epidemic

Categories: infectious disease, tuberculosis (TB)

 

Dr. Maloney consulting on a case in Taiwan

Dr. Maloney consulting on a case in Taiwan

Today is World TB Day, and while we have made great progress to control and cure TB, we must recognize that there is still more that needs to be done. TB remains an urgent public health problem in many parts of the world, often affecting the most vulnerable. In 2012, a total of 8.6 million people became ill with TB and 1.3 million died from the disease globally. TB is a leading cause of death among women worldwide, and has orphaned 10 million children in the past decade. In countries with a high burden of TB, it is also a leading cause of death among children, claiming the lives of more than 200 children each day.

That’s why today is important. World TB Day gives us another chance to renew our determination to work even harder to reach the ultimate goal – eliminating the disease.

The reasons aren’t difficult to find.

Haiti makes solid progress in reducing TB

Categories: infectious disease, tuberculosis (TB)

  

On World Tuberculosis Day, a personal account from the frontline, Haiti, which has the highest reported rates of TB in the western hemisphere. 

Macarthur Charles, MD, PhD, CDC’s TB Advisor in Haiti

Macarthur Charles, MD, PhD, CDC’s TB Advisor in Haiti

There is a certain poetic symmetry to my return to Haiti this year as tuberculosis (TB) advisor. It was exactly 10 years ago that I first set foot on Haitian soil as a doctor. The little boy who left the little town of Deschapelles in Haiti’s Artibonite Valley years ago, was back, and now able to give back to his people. 

There’s nowhere else I’d rather be right now and no other job I’d rather do. Sadly, expertise in TB is badly needed here in Haiti, which is very poor, has relatively high rates of HIV, a weak health infrastructure, and the highest reported TB prevalence rates in the western hemisphere – 300 cases per 100,000 people. The Dominican Republic, with which Haiti shares the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, has just half the number of cases. 

CDC Collaborations with the Ministry of Health in Dominican Republic Result in Measurable Public Health Gains

Categories: health systems strengthening, HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis (TB)

CDC Global Health Director Tom Kenyon (right), CDC Global AIDS Director Deborah Birx (second from right), and CDC-Dominican Republic Director Oliver Morgan (second from left) meet with Dr. Miguel A. Gerardino (left), Director of the Juan Pablo Pina Hospital in San Cristobal, Dominican Republic, January 2014.

CDC Global Health Director Tom Kenyon (right), CDC Global AIDS Director Deborah Birx (second from right), and CDC-Dominican Republic Director Oliver Morgan (second from left) meet with Dr. Miguel A. Gerardino (left), Director of the Juan Pablo Pina Hospital in San Cristobal, Dominican Republic, January 2014.

For a relatively small country where CDC established a full-time country office only five years ago, the Dominican Republic is suddenly drawing attention.

Oliver Morgan, MSc PhD FFPH, CDC Country Director for Dominican Republic

Oliver Morgan, MSc PhD FFPH, CDC Country Director for Dominican Republic

It’s easy to see why. The Dominican Republic is a popular vacation destination with 1.4 million Americans visiting each year. The country has a unique relationship with its neighbor, Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, where CDC also supports many programs. 

Earlier this month, Dr. Tom Kenyon, Director of CDC’s Center for Global Health and Dr. Debbi Birx, who leads CDC’s Division of Global HIV/AIDs visited the Dominican Republic to review, with Dominican authorities, CDC programs to protect public health. Kenyon and Birx are the highest level CDC officials to visit the DR since CDC’s country office officially opened in 2009.

The Value of CDC’s Work in Thailand

Categories: global disease detection, global health security, health systems strengthening, HIV/AIDS, infectious disease, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), refugee health, tuberculosis (TB), violence and injury

 

Thai monk

 

When I became country director in 2013 the relationships between Thailand’s public health officials and CDC were already strong and well established.

Mitch Wolfe, MD MPH, Director, CDC-Thailand

Mitch Wolfe, MD MPH, Director, CDC-Thailand

That wasn’t surprising. CDC’s collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health, after all, began 30 years ago and the partnership has been prospering  – and expanding – ever since. And there is a strong history between the two countries – this year Thailand and the US are celebrating 180 years of Friendship.

The reasons are well established too. And numerous.

Last summer, while visiting family, I was asked by a U.S. border guard, “Why is America working abroad for public health?” I was happy to get this question, as it was an opportunity to deepen understanding for why CDC works abroad – to protect Americans from health threats, to build important relationships with strategic partners, and to learn lessons that can be expanded to other parts of the world.

Kenya’s progress towards sustainable health

Categories: global disease detection, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB)

 

Dr. Tom KenyonRecent events in Nairobi have understandably focused the world on security challenges in Kenya. In that context it is important to recognize inspiring public health advances that represent innovative collaboration between CDC and our Kenyan partners to increase health security for Kenya and the global community. I made a two-day trip to visit our CDC-Kenya programs – a quick stop before commissioning the new CDC Global Disease Detection Center in Dhaka, Bangladesh. While I have previously worked as CDC Country Director in Ethiopia and had a general idea of what to expect, visiting Kenya reminded me that each of our CDC country offices has developed unique programs and solutions to address public health issues affecting local populations.

March 24 is World TB Day

Categories: HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB)

Kenneth G. Castro, MD, Director, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

Kenneth G. Castro, MD, Director, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

World TB Day is observed annually on March 24. On this date in 1882, German physician Robert Koch announced his discovery of the cause of tuberculosis (TB). At the time, TB caused one in seven deaths around the world, but could not be fought effectively because no one knew its source. Dr. Koch discovered that TB is caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Koch’s process set the stage for modern scientific procedures, and guides basic TB diagnosis today.

The World TB Day annual observance reminds us of Koch’s scientific breakthrough and provides an opportunity to raise awareness about the ongoing challenges, promising solutions and need to support TB-control efforts worldwide.

The Man Who Calls the Shots: Tabu Collins

Categories: child health, health systems strengthening, immunization, malaria, tuberculosis (TB)

CDC-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Sara TestRecently I had the opportunity to speak with Tabu Collins, a Medical Epidemiologist for the Kenyan Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS). Tabu told me about his journey to becoming an epidemiologist and the public health challenges and successes in Kenya. Every day he sees the power of vaccines, not only to save but also to transform lives, giving children in Kenya an opportunity to grow up healthy, go to school, and live long productive lives.

 
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