Categories: cancer, cardiovascular disease, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), tobacco
May 28th, 2014 1:05 pm ET -
“Raising taxes to increase the price of tobacco products is the most effective means to reduce tobacco use and encourage smokers to quit.” – WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2013
Samira Asma, DDS, MPH - Chief, CDC Global Tobacco Control Branch
Real People, Real Stories
Mehmet Nuhoğlu started smoking when he was in middle school at the age of 12 after hearing that real men smoke. Little did he know that 45 years later his two pack a day addiction would lead to a heart attack and then cancer. “I never thought it would happen to me. I still can’t believe it,” he says.
Featured in national ads similar to the US Tips campaign, Mehmet was one of the real-life people featured in Turkey’s anti-tobacco mass media campaign that was launched in the later part of 2011. He tells of his experience with cigarettes and what daily smoking ended up costing him- his voice and his health. Now speaking with the help of an electrolarynx (a device that helps users who have lost their voice box produce clearer speech), he confesses that he regrets smoking.
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Categories: cardiovascular disease, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
March 10th, 2014 6:10 am ET -
This blog was originally posted on CNN.com on January 23, 2014.
Almost two years ago, Philadelphia launched its Healthy Chinese Take-out Initiative with the goal of reducing sodium content by 10% to 15%.
CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden
The city’s Public Health Department worked with 206 restaurants, first evaluating their menus for sodium content and then helping them choose ingredients and develop recipes with less sodium. One way found to reduce sodium was for restaurants to cut the use of commercially prepared sauces and instead make their own.
After nine months, the initiative analyzed two popular dishes from 20 participating restaurants to see what changed. The result? A 20% reduction in sodium, more than the project’s goal.
It’s one thing to choose how much salt to add to your food when you eat. It’s another to live with decisions made by those who prepare your food before it makes it to the table.
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Categories: mental health, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
February 10th, 2014 8:19 am ET -
Barbara Lopes Cardozo, MD, MPH, CDC Division of Global Health Protection
“Total health” includes both physical and mental health. The Surgeon General’s landmark report on mental health in 1999 raised awareness about the inter-connectedness of mind and body, of physical and mental health. That reality has been validated ever since. However, mental health and addressing mental health-related problems are often under-emphasized.
CDC recognizes that the mental health of individuals in the community is a vital component of public health and that public health cannot be adequately addressed without also addressing mental health. Therefore, CDC is working on the public health issues related to mental health.
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Categories: global health security, health systems strengthening, infectious disease, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
February 5th, 2014 3:06 pm ET -
FETP residents taking water sample to test for cholera (2013)
Dr. Victor Caceres, CDC Field Epidemiology Training Program Branch
With increased global travel, everyone is more vulnerable to emerging and reemerging public health threats. This vulnerability is why every country needs a team of highly trained epidemiologists that can detect and rapidly respond to outbreaks and is why CDC is committed to working with countries to establish and support Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) all over the world including the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region.
For the last three years, CDC has been working with the Dominican Republic’s Ministry of Health (MoH), in collaboration with the University of Puerto Rico, to strengthen basic and intermediate-level training capacity for epidemiologists and laboratory personnel as part of the three-tiered “pyramid” training model developed and implemented by countries in Central America.
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Categories: cancer, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), women's/maternal health
February 3rd, 2014 10:31 am ET -
Children in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya (Photo courtesy of Natasha Buchanan, CDC)
This year, in recognition of World Cancer Day, CDC’s Division of Cancer Prevention and Control (DCPC) is raising awareness about the impact of cancer around the world and CDC’s efforts to reduce the global burden. DCPC’s global activities include cancer prevention and control projects in Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Trinidad and Tobago, Tanzania, Kenya, Zambia, Botswana, India, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Natasha Buchanan, PhD, CDC Division of Cancer Prevention and Control
Many of these global projects are focused on helping to reduce the burden of cancer in developing regions, where more than half of the annual 14 million new cancer cases and 8 million cancer deaths occur. Among women worldwide, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death, but in less developed regions, the burden is much higher.
Eighty-five percent of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries where cervical cancer screening programs are incomplete or nonexistent. Because most women with cervical cancer in developing countries are 50 years old or younger, cervical cancer is the largest cause of years of life lost due to cancer in the developing world.
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Categories: child health, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
January 6th, 2014 5:35 am ET -
Alejandro Azofeifa and Diana Valencia work to expand birth defects surveillance worldwide through Birth Defects COUNT, a CDC global initiative.
A Call for Assistance
In early 2012, Dr. Leland Albright, a pediatric neurosurgeon at Kijabe Hospital in Kijabe, Kenya, alerted CDC to what appeared to be a rising number of patients with some serious birth defects of the brain and spine called neural tube defects. He asked CDC to help pinpoint whether the prevalence was actually increasing or if there was simply an increased number of referrals to the hospital from throughout Kenya. Dr. Albright also questioned whether genetic, nutritional or social factors could be causing the increase.
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Categories: global disease detection, global health security, health systems strengthening, HIV/AIDS, infectious disease, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), refugee health, tuberculosis (TB), violence and injury
November 26th, 2013 12:35 pm ET -
When I became country director in 2013 the relationships between Thailand’s public health officials and CDC were already strong and well established.
Mitch Wolfe, MD MPH, Director, CDC-Thailand
That wasn’t surprising. CDC’s collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health, after all, began 30 years ago and the partnership has been prospering – and expanding – ever since. And there is a strong history between the two countries – this year Thailand and the US are celebrating 180 years of Friendship.
The reasons are well established too. And numerous.
Last summer, while visiting family, I was asked by a U.S. border guard, “Why is America working abroad for public health?” I was happy to get this question, as it was an opportunity to deepen understanding for why CDC works abroad – to protect Americans from health threats, to build important relationships with strategic partners, and to learn lessons that can be expanded to other parts of the world.
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Categories: noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
November 21st, 2013 7:36 pm ET -
Sharmily Roy, CDC Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP)
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are responsible for nearly 40 million deaths each year which represents almost three quarters of all deaths worldwide. These include deaths caused by injuries, such as motor vehicle injuries, and chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases. Deaths due to NCDs are becoming more common in low- and middle-income countries, where the majority of NCD deaths occur and health systems are often not equipped to respond. The enormous social and economic toll of NCDs worldwide calls for an integrated strategic approach to reduce illnesses and deaths due to NCDs globally.
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Categories: diabetes, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
November 14th, 2013 10:35 am ET -
Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, and there are 371 million people living with diabetes worldwide. Another 280 million are at high risk of developing the disease. By 2030, half a billion people are expected to be living with diabetes. (See About World Diabetes Day.)
Ann Albright, PhD, RD, Director, CDC Division of Diabetes Translation
The good news is that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed. Making modest lifestyle changes today can help protect the future health of you and your family.
In addition to a variety of other diabetes awareness efforts, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Division of Diabetes Translation (DDT) recognizes November 14 as World Diabetes Day. Through education and prevention, CDC supports this diabetes global awareness campaign.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes glucose (sugar) to build up in your blood. Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.
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Categories: cardiovascular disease, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), women's/maternal health
September 29th, 2013 12:28 am ET -
In honor of World Heart Day, the CDC Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention was asked to write commentary on the work the CDC is doing worldwide in reducing the morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases.
Barbara Bowman, Ph.D., Director, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC
The theme of this year’s World Heart Day is one that touches everyone—the cardiovascular health of women and children. Though many women do not perceive cardiovascular disease (CVD) as the greatest threat to their health1, roughly 8.6 million women across the world die each year from CVD2. This is more than all cancers, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria combined. Women are not the only ones vulnerable to CVD. Risk among children is growing, due to increasing trends of unhealthy diet and physical inactivity.
CVD is the leading cause of death worldwide.
Yet there is good news: CVD can be prevented. Everyday heart-healthy behaviors, such as eating a diet low in salt, being physically active, not smoking and promoting a smoke-free home environment, as well as avoiding the harmful use of alcohol can improve the lives of all people, no matter their age or gender.
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